Art is a social matter and artworks are social products that affect the society and are also affected by it. Art and society have a reciprocal relationship. All artworks and literature are finally going to be released to audiences someday, and this is a general rule in the realm of art. A piece of music or a beautiful painting, a worth reading novel or a pleasant poem, a conceptual statue or a strong theater, and all will lose their inherent features if not offered to the general or specific audiences. Art always tries to express both obvious and obscure layers of social relations, human dignity, concerns and human suffering, feelings and desires. Hence, the art has the phenomenological method. It means that the art penetrates the depth of what people see in the appearance of objects in natural and social phenomena, and pushes away the veils of the surface and manifests the invisible structures of the phenomena. Art does this through symbols. Because the symbols have the ability to be used on behalf of the structural elements and express the relationships among the structural phenomena. The paintings of “Rahim Mowlaeian” are placed in this category. His artworks represent the depth of social interactions, traditions, culture of the time, and the most hidden layers of ideological structures of the society. These works reflect the totality of thoughts and its expression in the social interactions by design and colors and highlight people’s historical traditions very well. Mowlaeian contributes that level of the society which is not understood superficially. This level of society that is understandable by a very careful phenomenological approach, is a level in which the ideas, behaviors, customs, rituals, language, personality, social relations, cultural identity, values, beliefs and definitions of living are formed, and then demonstrates itself objectively in the level of social realities. What the mankind apparently do in everyday life which seems normal to them and they do not even think about, is connected to its roots of identity in Mowlaeian’s paintings. These roots of identity are Mowlaeian’s painting main themes. Most of “Rahim Mowlaeian”‘s artworks have 5 common symbols representing the ideology and the structure of public awareness of humans:
۱٫ People often put one hand on their one eye or one side of their face2. Faces are double sided, one sees this side and the other sees the other side.3. Shadows and “shadow-like people” are frequently seen in his works.4. “Man – animal” beings composed of animal bodies and human heads.5. Pomegranates.